Nigeria is situated on the western coast of Africa and boasts diverse geography, with varying climates from arid to humid equatorial. However, the most diverse aspect of Nigeria is its people, with hundreds of languages spoken, including Yoruba, Igbo, Fula, Hausa, Edo, Ibibio, Tiv, and English. Additionally, Nigeria is rich in natural resources, particularly with substantial deposits of petroleum and natural gas.
Nigeria is home to approximately 250 ethnic groups, each with its own territory that is considered its rightful ownership due to first occupancy and inheritance. Even individuals who have lived and worked in a territory for many years but are not members of the dominant group are still considered aliens. In rural areas, these aliens may not have the right to outright land ownership. Despite this, many people have migrated from one ethnic territory to another in search of farmland. The country’s three major ethnic groups are the Hausa-Fulani, Yoruba, and Igbo.